RELATED NEW DELHI: A hip fracture after the age of 65 could lead to death for one out of four people, but UK scientists are working on a method that will help diagnose weakened bones before they break and provide more effective treatment should a break happen. Scientists at four universities across the UK are developing a framework that helps determine the quality and strength of an individual patient’s bone tissue. The research will gather clinical data using advanced imaging techniques that look inside bone on a microscopic level, compared with conventional radiography that simply measures bone mineral density (BMD). As bone is not made of completely solid material, the mathematical tool will measure how porous bone tissue is, its connectivity on a microscopic level and therefore, how bone tissue manages daily loads. This will not only measure bone density, but provide essential information to diagnose individual patients’ conditions and identify the most efficient treatment plan following a fracture or the general wear and tear on bone throughout life. Understanding bone quality on a microscopic level will assist the pharmaceutical industry to target relevant biological processes and develop better drugs, as well as giving doctors more information on patients’ specific bone structures, meaning more effective treatment both to prevent a break or following one. Dr Yuhang Chen, an expert in computational biomechanics in the School of Engineering and Physical Science at Heriot-Watt University, said: “Currently, around 25% of patients aged 65 to 80 die after a hip fracture. This figure could be reduced by this unique tool.” “In addition to existing technologies, our research will help doctors assess the quality and strength of a patient’s bone tissue leading to more effective and detailed diagnosis of individual conditions, as well as the ability to predict the likelihood of a bone fracture occurring. It will also allow people to live more flexible lifestyles after something like a hip fracture, which can often be quite debilitating and emotionally stressful.” Dr Chen is working with scientists from the University of Liverpool, who are leading on the project, the University of Edinburgh and Durham University, to create the new diagnostic tool, in a project funded by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC). Professor K Chen, Director of CMIT, in the Department of Mathematical Sciences at Liverpool University, said: “This award is the result of a genuinely collaborative effort by a national team bringing together leading experts in material sciences, computational mechanics and biomedical engineering.” ALSO ON TOI
Then you learn so much from older players, guys who are in the NBA. You learn the tricks of the trade and things you never thought about. It just raises the IQ level of your game and gives you so much experience. He has no doubt playing for the national team helps prepare him for his future career at UK. When I go to Kentucky, I will play for everybody. Not just myself, but the fans who also want to win a national title and have us win every game possible, Towns said. I will go out every night and look for wins for Kentucky, and so will my teammates. Wins will be all that matters. Calipari coached the Dominican team in 2012 while UK assistant Orlando Antigua was the coach this summer. Towns said there were a lot of similarities between the two coaches. For me, the biggest difference from last year to this year was my body had changed a lot. My mentality was just to do my job, compete and produce, Towns said. I got good, quality minutes. But playing for them both was great for me. I know coach Cal is my head coach at Kentucky.
UK nuclear arms backup plan urgent ahead of Scottish vote – lawmakers
STORY HIGHLIGHTS Walmart subsidiary Asda and retailer Tesco were selling mental health themed costumes The British retailers apologized and withdrew them from sale after a social media outcry Mental health charity Mind said the sale of the costumes had been “extremely misguided” Soccer player Stan Collymore tweeted about the effect of mental health stereotypes (CNN) — British retailers have removed “psycho ward” and “mental patient” Halloween costumes from their online stores after criticism that they were offensive to people with mental health conditions. Walmart subsidiary Asda showed a man in a blood-stained white coat brandishing a meat cleaver to advertise its “Mental Patient Fancy Dress Costume.” Tesco’s advertisement for its “Psycho Ward Costume” showed a man in an orange boiler suit branded “PSYCHO WARD” brandishing a hypodermic needle and wearing a mask similar to that of Hannibal Lecter in the film, “The Silence of the Lambs.” An Asda spokeswoman offered the company’s “sincere apologies for the offense” the costumes had caused. “This was an unacceptable error and the product was withdrawn immediately,” she said in a statement. “We take our responsibilities very seriously which is why we will make a sizable donation to Mind.” Tesco also issued an apology, saying in a statement: “We’re really sorry for any offense this has caused and we are removing this product from sale.” Mental health charity Mind welcomed the withdrawal of the costumes, saying the retailers had shown themselves to be “extremely misguided” by offering them for sale. Slept in. Have @asda withdrawn their ‘mental patient fancy dress’ costume or are we going to organise a protest at HQ? #timetochange Alastair Campbell (@campbellclaret) September 26, 2013 Alastair Campbell “It is staggeringly offensive to the one in four of us affected by mental health problems and our families and friends, and troubling that some businesses are still so out of touch with the public mood,” spokeswoman Sue Baker said in a statement . However, Baker said the outcry the costumes provoked on the social media site Twitter was encouraging. “We hope this will urge Asda, Tesco and other retailers and manufacturers to review their processes and consider taste and decency on mental health grounds, to avoid fueling stigma and discrimination that are so damaging for large numbers of the population,” she said. Mind and the group Rethink Mental Illness run the Time to Change campaign to challenge mental health stigma and discrimination. One of the campaign’s supporters is Alastair Campbell, who was former UK Prime Minister Tony Blair’s media chief and who has publicly spoken of his battle with depression . Campbell was among those who tweeted his displeasure at the “brutally stigmatizing outfits.” “@asda and @tesco should sign up for one of the @mindcharity @Rethink_ @TimetoChange mental health training courses,” he tweeted . Campbell alleged that Amazon still carried mental health patient costumes and called for people to tweet the company, asking it to withdraw them.
UK retailers remove ‘staggeringly offensive’ mental health costumes from sale
Britain is one of only five officially recognised nuclear-armed countries. Four submarines equipped to carry nuclear missiles – the Vanguard, Victorious, Vigilant and Vengeance – are based in deep-water lochs along the west coast of Scotland, and concrete missile storage bunkers are built into the Scottish hillside. At least one of the four is always at sea. The LibDems, junior partner in the Conservative-led coalition government, want to reduce the number of submarines when the current class is decommissioned, but Prime Minister David Cameron has called any such plan “naive or reckless”. If Scotland votes to break away, Britain would face a huge, expensive and time-consuming task to relocate the system. The Ministry of Defence confirmed on Thursday it currently has no contingency plan. “No contingency plans are being made to move Trident out of Scotland,” a Ministry of Defence spokesman told Reuters. “The scale and cost of any potential relocation away from Faslane would be enormous. We are confident that the Scottish people will vote to remain a part of the United Kingdom.” Defence Minister Philip Hammond said during an evidence session for the report that it was “unhelpful” to speculate over any possible relocation sites, but that ultimately he was confident it could be done. “I am confident that we would be able to solve this problem, but it would cost a significant amount of money,” Hammond told the committee in July. A Trident renewal decision will not be taken until after the next 2015 general election.